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Guide to Stones of Rajasthan (Marwad)

Granite - Today granite is used on a large scale as building stone ,road metal , dimensional and monument stone . Granite deposits of grey , pink, red and black varieties are widely distributed in India . The good quality granite is mainly found in Barmer , Jalore and Sirohi districts of Rajasthan .Of the 3,000 million cu. m. of estimated granite reserves in India , nearly 1,128 million cu. m. are in Rajasthan.

Marble - 95% of all the marble produced in India is from Rajasthan .It has the largest reserves of superior quality marble in India and is also a leading producer. The important deposits are located in Nagaur , Udaipur, Sirohi, Jaipur , Pali , Banswara , Jaisalmer , Bundi and Sikar districts of Rajasthan .Makrana in Nagaur district has one of the world 's most famous marble deposits. The Taj Mahal , undoubtedly one of most brilliant pieces of marble architecture, was made entirely with white marble from Makrana .The total reserves in Makrana are estimated at 56 million tonnes in existing mining leases.

Sandstone- Rajasthan is the largest producer of sandstone in India . It is found in the Main Vindhya and Trans-Aravalli Vindhya sequences of Bharatpur , Tonk ,Kotah , Sawai madhopur ,Chittrogarh and Jodhpur districts .Jodhpur sandstone has been used extensively in buildings in Jodhpur city. The mining of this stone around Jodhpur had been done prior to the city 's foundation in the year 1459 A.D. In recent times , the most prominent building which has come up with the use of this stone is the Umaid Bhawan Palace in Jodhpur. Outside India the Karachi harbour in Pakistan and the palace of Sultan of Oman are a few examples of Jodhpur sandstone .This stone is widely used as building stone as well as facing and roofing slab.

Limestone- Limestone ,suitable for building purposes , is extensively used as flagstone, paving stone and also in building construction. In Rajasthan , flaggy limestone , popularly known as Kotah stone , occurs in varying colours , from light brown to blue and grey with fine grained texture. Kotah stone , both blue and brown , are dolomatic limestones having remarkably fine texture .It has a compressive strength approximately twice that of marble It also has a better abrasive value and good resistance to delamination.

Slate - The usual colours of slate are black ,dark grey , greenish grey and purplish grey. Sometimes colour changes do occur due to weathering. The harder varieties of slate are used for flooring .In Rajasthan , slate occurs mainly in the Aravalli Hills in parts of Ajmer, Alwar , Bharatpur ,Bundi ,Pali ,Sawaimadhopur ,Tonk and Udaipur districts.

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Dimensional Stones in Rajasthan

  Granite Marble Limestone Sandstone Slate
Occurrence Barmer, Jalore, Pali, Sirohi, Alwar, Jaipur, Jhunjhunu, Tonk, Ajmer, Bhilwara, Sikar, Udaipur, Jodhpur Nagaur, Udaipur, Banswara, Bundi, Jaipur, Sirohi,Bhilwara, Ajmer, Alwar, Pali, Dungarpur, Sikar, Chittorgarh, Jaisalmer. Kota, Chittorgarh, Jhalawar. Bharatpur, Dholopur, Kota, Bundi, Sawimadhopur, Chittorgarh, Nimbhahera, Jodhpur, Bikaner, Jhalawar, Jaisalmer, Pali. Alwar, Ajmer, Tonk, Bharatpur, Pali, Sawaimadhopur, Udaipur, Chittorgarh,
Colour & Pattern Pink, Grey, Green, Multi-colour, Bluish-white, Red, Cream, Paradiso, Banded with wavy pattern, White with spots, etc. White, White with Greyish Black bands and pattern ,Pink, Pink with Bluish pattern, Green, Yellow, Black, Multi-colour. Pale Yellow and Greenish Blue. Red, Buff, Pink, Flaggy sandstone. Greyish Black and Black.
Export Varieties Rosy Pink ,Golden pearl, Chima Pink, Anglo Grey, Royal Cream, Platinum White, Snow White, Tiger Black, Bhilwara Black, Imperial Pink, Mokalsar Green, Nagina Green , Jalore Pink ,Kharda Red ,Blue Pearl, Paradiso Red , Brownish Green, Jhunjunu Red, Yellowish Pink. Pure White - very fine grained, Green and Pink.   Fine grained Pink and Buff.  
Exports Rs. 650 million (during 1994-95 to USA, Middle East, Japan, Singapore, etc.) Rs. 200 million (during 1994-95 to USA, Canada Japan, Singapore,etc.). Europe, USA, Japan and Singapore. About Rs. 20 million Europe, Japan and Singapore.
Quality Hardness 6 to 7 on Moh's scale.        

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